Calendar

Aug
20
Thu
Saint Stephen’s Day @ Hungary
Aug 20 all-day
Saint Stephen’s Day @ Hungary | Hungary

20th August is that day to remember King Saint Stephen. He was the last Grand prince (997-1000) and the first King (1000-1038) of the Hungarian people. His crown was sent by Pope Silvester II. and he became a devout Christian. He unified the Charpathian Basin and by fighting against the old pagan tradition established a Hungarian Kingdom with a strong stand/position in Christian Europe. Budapest’s biggest and most famous church is named after him. According to the legend a relic - the mummified right hand of the king – is in the church, in it is own chapel called the Holly Right Chapel. Nowadays, on the 20th August Saint Stephen’s Day is celebrated with a huge firework show above the Danube.

Oct
23
Fri
Hungarian Revolution of 1956 @ Hungary
Oct 23 all-day
Hungarian Revolution of 1956 @ Hungary | Buda | Texas | United States

After being on the losing side of the First and the Second World War Hungary became a part of the Eastern Block, under the rule of the Soviet Union. The revolution started 23rd of October with a student demonstration. The Russians fired upon the marching crowed at the Parliament. Due to this violence and the general dissatisfaction the revolution spread all across the country. The Hungarian people truly believed that an institutional change could happen. Sadly, the Russian troops defeated the revolution 4th of November. Nevertheless, 23rd of October is a National Holiday to remember the young heroes who fought for the freedom of Hungarians.

Mar
3
Wed
National Liberation Day in Bulgaria @ Bulgaria
Mar 3 all-day
National Liberation Day in Bulgaria @ Bulgaria

Bulgaria has approximately 16 national holidays in a year[i]. A quite important one is the National Liberation day celebrated on the 3rd of March.

Third of March has been a national holiday ever since 1978[ii]. On this day in 1878, Russia and the Ottoman Empire signed the San Stefano Peace Treaty, which marked the end of the Russo-Turkish war[iii]and the beginning of the liberation of Bulgaria from almost 500 years of Ottoman rule.

To celebrate the Liberation day, each year, various activities are organized across the country. Municipalities organize memorial services and people lay flowers in front of the monuments of the heroes who fought for the freedom of the country[iv]. Additionally, historical reenactments are also organized. For instance, in 2019, historical reenactments have been organized in the cities of Varna, Shumen and Razgrad. The events have reenacted key historical events such as the signing of the San Stefano Peace Treaty[v]. One of the most visited places on the 3rd of March, however, is the

The Shipka Monument, also known as the Monument of Freedom, is situated between the cities of Gabrovo and Kazanlak[vi]. The monument was built to commemorate those who died in the battles for the Liberation of Bulgaria during the Russo-Turkish war (1877-1878).

On the 3rd of March, people from all parts of Bulgaria gather together to attend an official ceremony and to lay flowers at the monument. Others, on the other hand, come up with extra- creative ideas. For instance, in 2019, Martin Georgiev reported that people from the city of Kazanlak visited the monument with a hand-made 15-meter Bulgarian flag[vii].

Media platforms got those covered who are unable to visit the monument to celebrate with fellow countrymen. Because of the gravity of the holiday, the events organized around the country, and particularly this at the Monument of Freedom, receive great media coverage.

 

References:

[i] See: Office Holidays. (n.d.). National holidays in Bulgaria. Retrieved from: https://www.officeholidays.com/countries/bulgaria/2020

[ii] See: Free Tour Sofia. (n.d.). March 3- Bulgaria’s National Holiday. Retrieved from: https://freesofiatour.com/blog/march-3-bulgarias-national-holiday/

[iii] See: Bulgarian National Radio. (03 March, 2019). On March 3 Bulgaria celebrates National Liberation Day. Retrieved from: https://bnr.bg/en/post/100803129/on-march-3-bulgaria-celebrates-national-liberation-day

[iv] Nova TV. (03 March, 2019). С богата програма в Благоевград отбелязаха националния празник. Retrieved from: shorturl.at/itxJ9

[v] BTV Novinite (03 March, 2019). Мигове от исторически възстановки \”Освобождение”\-Разград! Retrieved from: https://btvnovinite.bg/az-reporterut/praznici-i-tradicii/migove-ot-istoricheski-vazstanovki-osvobozhdenie-razgrad_520301.html

[vi] National Park Museum Shipka- Buzludzha. (n.d.). http://www.shipkamuseum.org/en/

[vii] Georgiev, M. (03 March, 2019). Българи изработиха 15-метров трибагреник за празника. Retrieved from: shorturl.at/quN24

 

Mar
15
Mon
The Bloodless Revolution @ Hungary
Mar 15 all-day
The Bloodless Revolution @ Hungary | Budapest | Hungary

March 15th, 1848 is the day of the bloodless revolution, an important National Holiday. Hungarian people declared the end of all form of the Habsburg censorship and demonstrated for their independence without any violence.

The marching crowd went to the stairs of the National Museum. There, Mór Jókai read the list of demands, the 12 points, to the crown and Sándor Petőfi recited his famous poem National song (Nemzeti dal). The end of the day under the pressure of the people Emperor Ferdinand agreed to all points.

The revolution and the following independence war -even though they were defeated- mean a huge step towards establishing the Hungarian sovereignty, language and culture.

Hungarian people still gather at the National Museum and wear the symbol of 15th March a cockade to celebrate their national identity and to remember how precious freedom is.

May
9
Sun
Victory Day in Belarus @ Belarus
May 9 all-day

One of the most remarkable holidays in Belarus is the Victory Day. It is traditionally celebrated on 9th of May. The holiday marks the victory of USSR (Belarus was a part of soviet bloc since 1919 till 1923) over Nazi Germany. This war was one of the bloodiest one, which was also on the territory of today’s Republic of Belarus and the holiday means much for older generation. Every year on this day a lot of parades and celebrations are hold across Belarus. Schoolchildren give flowers and presents to participants of the war (called “veterany” in Belarus).

Jul
3
Sat
Independence Day of Belarus @ Belarus
Jul 3 all-day

As any other country Belarus has its own Independence Day, which is celebrated on 3rd of July. This date marks the liberation of Minsk city from the Nazis in 1944. Some people consider that it brings Belarus back to its soviet past and the date of holiday is arguable. Some suggest that the date must be 27 July, when Belarus declared its independence from USSR, or 25 August, when the appropriate law was implemented. But despite controversy every year there is a military parade, different concerts and festivals.

Aug
20
Fri
Saint Stephen’s Day @ Hungary
Aug 20 all-day
Saint Stephen’s Day @ Hungary | Hungary

20th August is that day to remember King Saint Stephen. He was the last Grand prince (997-1000) and the first King (1000-1038) of the Hungarian people. His crown was sent by Pope Silvester II. and he became a devout Christian. He unified the Charpathian Basin and by fighting against the old pagan tradition established a Hungarian Kingdom with a strong stand/position in Christian Europe. Budapest’s biggest and most famous church is named after him. According to the legend a relic - the mummified right hand of the king – is in the church, in it is own chapel called the Holly Right Chapel. Nowadays, on the 20th August Saint Stephen’s Day is celebrated with a huge firework show above the Danube.

Oct
23
Sat
Hungarian Revolution of 1956 @ Hungary
Oct 23 all-day
Hungarian Revolution of 1956 @ Hungary | Buda | Texas | United States

After being on the losing side of the First and the Second World War Hungary became a part of the Eastern Block, under the rule of the Soviet Union. The revolution started 23rd of October with a student demonstration. The Russians fired upon the marching crowed at the Parliament. Due to this violence and the general dissatisfaction the revolution spread all across the country. The Hungarian people truly believed that an institutional change could happen. Sadly, the Russian troops defeated the revolution 4th of November. Nevertheless, 23rd of October is a National Holiday to remember the young heroes who fought for the freedom of Hungarians.

Mar
3
Thu
National Liberation Day in Bulgaria @ Bulgaria
Mar 3 all-day
National Liberation Day in Bulgaria @ Bulgaria

Bulgaria has approximately 16 national holidays in a year[i]. A quite important one is the National Liberation day celebrated on the 3rd of March.

Third of March has been a national holiday ever since 1978[ii]. On this day in 1878, Russia and the Ottoman Empire signed the San Stefano Peace Treaty, which marked the end of the Russo-Turkish war[iii]and the beginning of the liberation of Bulgaria from almost 500 years of Ottoman rule.

To celebrate the Liberation day, each year, various activities are organized across the country. Municipalities organize memorial services and people lay flowers in front of the monuments of the heroes who fought for the freedom of the country[iv]. Additionally, historical reenactments are also organized. For instance, in 2019, historical reenactments have been organized in the cities of Varna, Shumen and Razgrad. The events have reenacted key historical events such as the signing of the San Stefano Peace Treaty[v]. One of the most visited places on the 3rd of March, however, is the

The Shipka Monument, also known as the Monument of Freedom, is situated between the cities of Gabrovo and Kazanlak[vi]. The monument was built to commemorate those who died in the battles for the Liberation of Bulgaria during the Russo-Turkish war (1877-1878).

On the 3rd of March, people from all parts of Bulgaria gather together to attend an official ceremony and to lay flowers at the monument. Others, on the other hand, come up with extra- creative ideas. For instance, in 2019, Martin Georgiev reported that people from the city of Kazanlak visited the monument with a hand-made 15-meter Bulgarian flag[vii].

Media platforms got those covered who are unable to visit the monument to celebrate with fellow countrymen. Because of the gravity of the holiday, the events organized around the country, and particularly this at the Monument of Freedom, receive great media coverage.

 

References:

[i] See: Office Holidays. (n.d.). National holidays in Bulgaria. Retrieved from: https://www.officeholidays.com/countries/bulgaria/2020

[ii] See: Free Tour Sofia. (n.d.). March 3- Bulgaria’s National Holiday. Retrieved from: https://freesofiatour.com/blog/march-3-bulgarias-national-holiday/

[iii] See: Bulgarian National Radio. (03 March, 2019). On March 3 Bulgaria celebrates National Liberation Day. Retrieved from: https://bnr.bg/en/post/100803129/on-march-3-bulgaria-celebrates-national-liberation-day

[iv] Nova TV. (03 March, 2019). С богата програма в Благоевград отбелязаха националния празник. Retrieved from: shorturl.at/itxJ9

[v] BTV Novinite (03 March, 2019). Мигове от исторически възстановки \”Освобождение”\-Разград! Retrieved from: https://btvnovinite.bg/az-reporterut/praznici-i-tradicii/migove-ot-istoricheski-vazstanovki-osvobozhdenie-razgrad_520301.html

[vi] National Park Museum Shipka- Buzludzha. (n.d.). http://www.shipkamuseum.org/en/

[vii] Georgiev, M. (03 March, 2019). Българи изработиха 15-метров трибагреник за празника. Retrieved from: shorturl.at/quN24

 

Mar
15
Tue
The Bloodless Revolution @ Hungary
Mar 15 all-day
The Bloodless Revolution @ Hungary | Budapest | Hungary

March 15th, 1848 is the day of the bloodless revolution, an important National Holiday. Hungarian people declared the end of all form of the Habsburg censorship and demonstrated for their independence without any violence.

The marching crowd went to the stairs of the National Museum. There, Mór Jókai read the list of demands, the 12 points, to the crown and Sándor Petőfi recited his famous poem National song (Nemzeti dal). The end of the day under the pressure of the people Emperor Ferdinand agreed to all points.

The revolution and the following independence war -even though they were defeated- mean a huge step towards establishing the Hungarian sovereignty, language and culture.

Hungarian people still gather at the National Museum and wear the symbol of 15th March a cockade to celebrate their national identity and to remember how precious freedom is.

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